Bio

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Member, Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource Users' Organization Executive Committee (2013 - Present)

Professional Education


  • Bachelor of Science, University of California San Diego (2006)
  • Doctor of Philosophy, California Institute of Technology (2013)

Stanford Advisors


Publications

Journal Articles


  • Local slowdown of translation by nonoptimal codons promotes nascent-chain recognition by SRP in vivo NATURE STRUCTURAL & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Pechmann, S., Chartron, J. W., Frydman, J. 2014; 21 (12): 1100-1105

    Abstract

    The genetic code allows most amino acids a choice of optimal and nonoptimal codons. We report that synonymous codon choice is tuned to promote interaction of nascent polypeptides with the signal recognition particle (SRP), which assists in protein translocation across membranes. Cotranslational recognition by the SRP in vivo is enhanced when mRNAs contain nonoptimal codon clusters 35-40 codons downstream of the SRP-binding site, the distance that spans the ribosomal polypeptide exit tunnel. A local translation slowdown upon ribosomal exit of SRP-binding elements in mRNAs containing these nonoptimal codon clusters is supported experimentally by ribosome profiling analyses in yeast. Modulation of local elongation rates through codon choice appears to kinetically enhance recognition by ribosome-associated factors. We propose that cotranslational regulation of nascent-chain fate may be a general constraint shaping codon usage in the genome.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/nsmb.2919

    View details for Web of Science ID 000345893300015

    View details for PubMedID 25420103

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