Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

What is Prostate Cancer?

Man looking at a brochure

Prostate cancer occurs when cells grow abnormally in the prostate gland to form tumors. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located in front of the rectum and under the bladder that secretes the fluid that carries sperm.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, excluding skin cancer. About 240,890 new cases were expected to be diagnosed in 2011, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS). Fortunately, prostate cancer has a very high success rate when discovered early.

More than 90 percent of all prostate cancers are discovered while they are either localized (confined to the prostate) or regional (nearby). The five-year survival rate for men diagnosed with prostate tumors discovered at these stages is nearly 100 percent.

Choosing an experienced physician and the right cancer center can maximize your chances of a successful outcome and help preserve your quality of life, including sexual function.  At Stanford, our Urologic Cancer team includes leading prostate cancer specialists who have extensive experience treating early-stage to advanced prostate cancers.

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