Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Elizabeth Kidd

Publication Details

  • RADIATION THERAPY FOR PILOCYTIC ASTROCYTOMAS OF CHILDHOOD INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS Mansur, D. B., Rubin, J. B., Kidd, E. A., King, A. A., Hollander, A. S., Smyth, M. D., Limbrick, D. D., Park, T. S., Leonard, J. R. 2011; 79 (3): 829-834

    Abstract:

    Though radiation therapy is generally considered the most effective treatment for unresectable pilocytic astrocytomas in children, there are few data to support this claim. To examine the efficacy of radiation therapy for pediatric pilocytic astrocytomas, we retrospectively reviewed the experience at our institution.Thirty-five patients 18 years old or younger with unresectable tumors and without evidence of neurofibromatosis have been treated since 1982. Patients were treated with local radiation fields to a median dose of 54 Gy. Six patients were treated with radiosurgery to a median dose of 15.5 Gy. Five patients were treated with initial chemotherapy and irradiated after progression.All patients were alive after a median follow-up of 5.0 years. However, progression-free survival was 68.7%. None of 11 infratentorial tumors progressed compared with 6 of 20 supratentorial tumors. A trend toward improved progression-free survival was seen with radiosurgery (80%) compared with external beam alone (66%), but this difference did not reach statistical significance. Eight of the 9 patients progressing after therapy did so within the irradiated volume.Although the survival of these children is excellent, almost one third of patients have progressive disease after definitive radiotherapy. Improvements in tumor control are needed in this patient population, and the optimal therapy has not been fully defined. Prospective trials comparing initial chemotherapy to radiation therapy are warranted.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.11.015

    View details for Web of Science ID 000287382400027

    View details for PubMedID 20421157

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