Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Edward Graves

Publication Details

  • Investigation of the effects of treatment planning variables in small animal radiotherapy dose distributions MEDICAL PHYSICS Motomura, A. R., Bazalova, M., Zhou, H., Keall, P. J., Graves, E. E. 2010; 37 (2): 590-599

    Abstract:

    Methods used for small animal radiation treatment have yet to achieve the same dose targeting as in clinical radiation therapy. Toward understanding how to better plan small animal radiation using a system recently developed for this purpose, the authors characterized dose distributions produced from conformal radiotherapy of small animals in a microCT scanner equipped with a variable-aperture collimator.Dose distributions delivered to a cylindrical solid water phantom were simulated using a Monte Carlo algorithm. Phase-space files for 120 kVp x-ray beams and collimator widths of 1-10 mm at isocenter were generated using BEAMnrc software, and dose distributions for evenly spaced beams numbered from 5 to 80 were generated in DOSXYZnrc for a variety of targets, including centered spherical targets in a range of sizes, spherical targets offset from centered by various distances, and various ellipsoidal targets. Dose distributions were analyzed using dose volume histograms. The dose delivered to a mouse bearing a spontaneous lung tumor was also simulated, and dose volume histograms were generated for the tumor, heart, left lung, right lung, and spinal cord.Results indicated that for centered, symmetric targets, the number of beams required to achieve a smooth dose volume histogram decreased with increased target size. Dose distributions for noncentered, symmetric targets did not exhibit any significant loss of conformality with increasing offset from the phantom center, indicating sufficient beam penetration through the phantom for targeting superficial targets from all angles. Even with variable collimator widths, targeting of asymmetric targets was found to have less conformality than that of spherical targets. Irradiation of a mouse lung tumor with multiple beam widths was found to effectively deliver dose to the tumor volume while minimizing dose to other critical structures.Overall, this method of generating and analyzing dose distributions provides a quantitative method for developing practical guidelines for small animal radiotherapy treatment planning. Future work should address methods to improve conformality in asymmetric targets.

    View details for DOI 10.1118/1.3276738

    View details for Web of Science ID 000274075600019

    View details for PubMedID 20229867

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