Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Susan Knox

Publication Details

  • Impact of Rituximab Treatment on Y-90-Ibritumomab Dosimetry for Patients with Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE Shen, S., Forero, A., Meredith, R. F., Shah, J. J., Knox, S. J., Wiseman, G. A., Usrey, M. E., LoBuglio, A. F. 2010; 51 (1): 150-157


    To determine whether the therapeutic effect of (90)Y-ibritumomab might be enhanced by a full course of rituximab followed by single dose of (90)Y-ibritumomab, the trial included pre- and post-rituximab treatment imaging with (111)In-ibritumomab and blood pharmacokinetics. Comparison of the pre- and post-rituximab imaging and blood data allowed for the assessment of impact of rituximab on (90)Y-ibritumomab dosimetry.Seventeen patients with relapsed B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma first received 250 mg/m(2) of rituximab plus 185 MBq of (111)In-ibritumomab for initial dosimetry evaluation. In weeks 2-4, patients received 3 weekly 375 mg/m(2) doses of rituximab. In week 6, patients received a 250 mg/m(2) dose of rituximab plus 185 MBq of (111)In-ibritumomab for a second dosimetry evaluation. Five sequential, whole-body gamma-camera images were acquired after the (111)In-ibritumomab injection. Calculated radiation doses were based on patient-specific organ masses. For each patient, paired comparison of radiation doses before and after rituximab treatment was performed. Paired comparison of residence times for spleen and tumor was also performed.Before rituximab treatment, the median radiation dose (mGy/MBq) was 0.48 (range, 0.24-0.86) for total body, 3.7 (range, 2.1-11.6) for liver, 6.1 (range, 1.8-17.8) for spleen, 3.3 (range, 2.0-4.7) for kidneys, 2.4 (range, 1.3-3.7) for heart wall, 1.1 (range, 0.4-2.3) for lungs, 0.79 (range, 0.32-1.22) for marrow from blood, and 18.1 (range, 4.7-98.9) for tumor. Paired comparisons were performed in 16 patients only because human antimurine antibody developed in 1 patient. The median change was 0.007 mGy/MBq for body, -0.14 mGy/MBq for liver, -0.31 mGy/MBq for kidneys, 0.38 mGy/MBq for heart wall, -0.17 mGy/MBq for lungs, and 0.046 mGy/MBq for marrow from blood. The median change in residence time was -0.92 h for spleen and -0.24 h for tumor. The changes were statistically insignificant for total body, liver, kidneys, lungs, and marrow from blood. The median residence times, or mGy/MBq if there were no volume changes, decreased 24% for spleen (P = 0.0005) and 28% for tumor (P = 0.005). The median radiation dose to heart wall increased 16%, which was statistically significant (P = 0.002).Changes in (90)Y-ibritumomab dosimetry after 4 wk of rituximab treatment were not significant for most organs, except for the heart wall. The reduction of spleen and tumor residence times is more likely to be due to the therapeutic effects of rituximab.

    View details for DOI 10.2967/jnumed.109.066597

    View details for Web of Science ID 000273263800026

    View details for PubMedID 20008989

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