Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Philip W. Lavori

Publication Details

  • Electronic trial banks: a complementary method for reporting randomized trials. Medical decision making Sim, I., Owens, D. K., Lavori, P. W., Rennels, G. D. 2000; 20 (4): 440-450

    Abstract:

    Randomized clinical trial (RCT) results are often difficult to find, interpret, or apply to clinical care. The authors propose that RCTs be reported into electronic knowledge bases-trial banks-in addition to being reported in text. What information should these trial-bank reports contain?Using the competency decomposition method, the authors specified the ideal trial-bank contents as the information necessary and sufficient for completing the task of systematic reviewing.They decomposed the systematic reviewing task into four top-level tasks and 62 subtasks. 162 types of trial information were necessary and sufficient for completing these subtasks. These items relate to a trial's design, execution, administration, and results.Trial-bank publishing of these 162 items would capture into computer-understandable form all the trial information needed for critically appraising and synthesizing trial results. Decision-support systems that access shared, up-to-date trial banks could help clinicians manage, synthesize, and apply RCT evidence more effectively.

    View details for PubMedID 11059477

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