Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Dean W. Felsher

Publication Details

  • The Neuronal Expression of MYC Causes a Neurodegenerative Phenotype in a Novel Transgenic Mouse AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY Lee, H., Casadesus, G., Nunomura, A., Zhu, X., Castellani, R. J., Richardson, S. L., Perry, G., Felsher, D. W., Petersen, R. B., Smith, M. A. 2009; 174 (3): 891-897

    Abstract:

    Many different proteins associated with the cell cycle, including cyclins, cyclin-dependent kinases, and proto-oncogenes such as c-MYC (MYC), are increased in degenerating neurons. Consequently, an ectopic activation of the cell cycle machinery in neurons has emerged as a potential pathogenic mechanism of neuronal dysfunction and death in many neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease. However, the exact role of cell cycle re-entry during disease pathogenesis is unclear, primarily because of the lack of relevant research models to study the effects of cell cycle re-entry on mature neurons in vivo. To address this issue, we developed a new transgenic mouse model in which forebrain neurons (CaMKII-MYC) can be induced to enter the cell cycle using the physiologically relevant proto-oncogene MYC to drive cell cycle re-entry. We show that such cell cycle re-entry results in neuronal cell death, gliosis, and cognitive deficits. These findings provide compelling evidence that dysregulation of cell cycle re-entry results in neurodegeneration in vivo. Our current findings, coupled with those of previous reports, strengthen the hypothesis that neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease, similar to cellular proliferation in cancer, is a disease that results from inappropriate cell cycle control.

    View details for DOI 10.2353/ajpath.2009.080583

    View details for Web of Science ID 000263612600017

    View details for PubMedID 19164506

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