Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Susan Knox

Publication Details

  • Anti-integrin monoclonal antibody CNTO 95 enhances the therapeutic efficacy of fractionated radiation therapy in vivo MOLECULAR CANCER THERAPEUTICS Ning, S., Nemeth, J. A., Hanson, R. L., Forsythe, K., Knox, S. J. 2008; 7 (6): 1569-1578

    Abstract:

    Selective targeting of up-regulated integrins on tumor cells is a novel antiangiogenesis strategy for treating solid tumors. CNTO 95 is a fully human anti-alpha(v) integrin monoclonal antibody and has shown antitumor activity when used as a single agent in preclinical studies. We previously showed that radiation combined with an integrin alpha(v)beta(3) antagonist cRGD peptide increased the therapeutic efficacy of radiation in preclinical tumor models. We hypothesized that the combination of radiation and CNTO 95 would synergistically enhance the efficacy of radiation therapy. The in vitro studies showed that CNTO 95 radiosensitized and induced apoptosis in M21 cells in vitronectin-coated dishes. In mice bearing established human cancer xenograft tumors, CNTO 95 alone had only a moderate effect on tumor growth. The combined therapy of CNTO 95 and fractionated radiation significantly inhibited tumor growth and produced the longer tumor growth delay time in multiple tumor models. Maintenance dosing of CNTO 95 following irradiation contributed to efficacy and was important for continued inhibition of tumor regrowth. Immunohistochemistry studies showed that the combined use of CNTO 95 and radiation reduced the alpha(v) integrin and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor expression and the microvessel density and increased apoptosis in tumor cells and the tumor microenvironment. CNTO 95 alone and in combination with radiation did not produce any obvious signs of systemic toxicity. These results show that CNTO 95 can potentiate the efficacy of fractionated radiation therapy in a variety of human cancer xenograft tumor types in nude mice. These findings are very promising and may have high translational relevance for the treatment of patients with solid tumors.

    View details for DOI 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-08-0288

    View details for Web of Science ID 000256955900024

    View details for PubMedID 18566227

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