Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Samuel So

Publication Details

  • Gallium maltolate is a promising chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma ANTICANCER RESEARCH Chua, M., Bernstein, L. R., Li, R., So, S. K. 2006; 26 (3A): 1739-1743

    Abstract:

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a particularly lethal cancer with few treatment options. Since gallium is known to accumulate specifically in HCC tumors but not in non-tumor liver, we investigated two gallium compounds, gallium nitrate (GaN) and gallium maltolate (GaM), as potential new agents for treating HCC.The anti-proliferative and apoptotic activities of GaN and GaM were assessed in vitro using four HCC cell lines. HCC gene expression data was analyzed to provide a mechanistic rationale for using gallium in the treatment of HCC.Both compounds showed dose-dependent antiproliferative activity in all four HCC cell lines after 6-day drug exposure (IC50 values range from 60-250 microM for gallium nitrate and 25-35 microM for gallium maltolate). Gallium maltolate at 30 microM additionally induced apoptosis after 6 days. HCC gene expression data showed significantly elevated expression of the M2 subunit of ribonucleotide reductase, which is a target for the antiproliferative activity of gallium.These data support clinical testing of gallium maltolate, an orally active compound, in the treatment of HCC.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000238490700002

    View details for PubMedID 16827101

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