Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Roeland Nusse

Publication Details

  • Wingless signaling modulates cadherin-mediated cell adhesion in Drosophila imaginal disc cells JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE Wodarz, A., Stewart, D. B., Nelson, W. J., Nusse, R. 2006; 119 (12): 2425-2434

    Abstract:

    Armadillo, the Drosophila homolog of beta-catenin, plays a crucial role in both the Wingless signal transduction pathway and cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion, raising the possibility that Wg signaling affects cell adhesion. Here, we use a tissue culture system that allows conditional activation of the Wingless signaling pathway and modulation of E-cadherin expression levels. We show that activation of the Wingless signaling pathway leads to the accumulation of hypophosphorylated Armadillo in the cytoplasm and in cellular processes, and to a concomitant reduction of membrane-associated Armadillo. Activation of the Wingless pathway causes a loss of E-cadherin from the cell surface, reduced cell adhesion and increased spreading of the cells on the substratum. After the initial loss of E-cadherin from the cell surface, E-cadherin gene expression is increased by Wingless. We suggest that Wingless signaling causes changes in Armadillo levels and subcellular localization that result in a transient reduction of cadherin-mediated cell adhesion, thus facilitating cell shape changes, division and movement of cells in epithelial tissues.

    View details for DOI 10.1242/jcs.02973

    View details for Web of Science ID 000238413500004

    View details for PubMedID 16720643

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