Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Jane Parnes

Publication Details

  • Mouse splenic B lymphocyte activation using different activation stimuli induces in vitro splicing of tumor necrosis factor-alpha nuclear pre-mRNA MOLECULAR IMMUNOLOGY Li, Y. Y., Yang, Y., Bao, M., Edwards, C. K., Parnes, J. R. 2006; 43 (6): 613-622

    Abstract:

    The pleiotropic functions of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) have brought considerable attention in the past decade to its physiological and pathological roles in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. However, little is known about how the production of TNFalpha is regulated at the transcriptional and translational levels in immune cells such as T and B lymphocytes. Our previous study demonstrated that unspliced "pre-mRNA" of TNFalpha is present in resting T cells. Initiation of splicing of TNFalpha pre-mRNA to mature mRNA requires T cell activation, which is unique and necessary for TNFalpha production when compared to its production in mononuclear phagocytes, including different lineages of macrophages (Mvarphi) and dendritic cells (DC). In this study, we further demonstrate that resting mouse B cells also contain pre-existing TNFalpha mRNA. The physiological process of B cell activation induced by (1) either the cross-linking of the B cell receptor (BCR) or CD40, (2) treatment with LPS, or PMA plus ionomycin, induces TNFalpha mRNA splicing in vitro. The kinetic response of TNFalpha splicing in B cells is much slower when compared to that in activated T cells. Studies using well-known kinase inhibitors demonstrated that MAP kinase kinase (MEK) and protein kinase C (PKC) are required for TNFalpha splicing upon stimulation through the BCR. These studies demonstrate that the production of TNFalpha in activated B cells is regulated differently than in activated T cells, and these differences may allow for the selective inhibition of TNFalpha in various autoimmune diseases depending on the mechanism of action of the selected anti-TNFalpha therapy.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.molimm.2005.04.010

    View details for Web of Science ID 000234952300014

    View details for PubMedID 15899518

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