Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Steven Hancock, MD

Publication Details

  • Metabolism of the 16-androstene steroids in primary cultured porcine hepatocytes JOURNAL OF STEROID BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Sinclair, P. A., Hancock, S., Gilmore, W. J., Squires, E. J. 2005; 96 (1): 79-87


    The hepatic metabolism of the 16-androstene steroids was investigated using isolated porcine hepatocytes. This study demonstrated that the liver is capable of producing both phase I and phase II steroid metabolites from 16-androstene steroid precursors. 16-Androstene metabolites were recovered by solid-phase extraction and identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). When 5alpha-androstenone was provided as a substrate, both 3beta- and 3alpha-androstenol were produced as well as a metabolite that showed evidence of hydroxylation. Incubations with the various 16-androstene steroids produced metabolic profiles which suggested that the major role of the liver is phase II conjugation. Sulfoconjugated 16-androstene steroids included androstadienol, 5alpha-androstenone, 3beta-, 3alpha-androstenol, and possibly the hydroxylated metabolite of 5alpha-androstenone. It was determined that hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase (HST) is the likely candidate for the sulfoconjugation of the 16-androstene steroids within the liver. Despite the capacity of the hepatocytes to sulfoconjugate the 16-androstene steroids, the principle metabolites produced from incubations with 5alpha-androstenone, 3beta-, and 3alpha-androstenol were glucuronide conjugates, accounting for approximately 68% of all phase II metabolism. These findings underline the importance of steroid conjugation and suggest that hepatic metabolism of the 16-androstene steroids may influence the levels of 5alpha-androstenone present in the circulation, and thus, capable of accumulating in fat.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2005.01.030

    View details for Web of Science ID 000231480800009

    View details for PubMedID 15896952

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