Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Susan Knox

Publication Details

  • A novel antiangiogenesis therapy using an integrin antagonist or anti-FLK-1 antibody coated Y-90-labeled nanoparticles INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS Li, L. Y., Wartchow, C. A., Danthi, S. N., Shen, Z. M., DeChene, N., PEASE, J., Choi, H. S., Doede, T., Chu, P., Ning, S. C., Lee, D. Y., Bednarski, M. D., Knox, S. J. 2004; 58 (4): 1215-1227

    Abstract:

    Integrin alpha(v)beta(3) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (Flk-1) have been shown to be involved in tumor-induced angiogenesis. Selective targeting of upregulated alpha(v)beta(3) and Flk-1 on the neovasculature of tumors is a novel antiangiogenesis strategy for treating a wide variety of solid tumors. In the studies described here, we investigated the potential therapeutic efficacy of two three-component treatment regimens using two murine tumor models.The treatment regimens used nanoparticle (NP) based targeting agents radiolabeled with (90)Y. The small molecule integrin antagonist (IA) 4-[2-(3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidin-2-ylamino)ethoxy]-benzoyl-2-(5)-aminoethylsulfonylamino-beta-alanine, which binds to the integrin alpha(v)beta(3), and a monoclonal antibody against murine Flk-1 (anti-Flk-1 MAb) were used to target the NPs. Murine tumor models K1735-M2 (melanoma) and CT-26 (colon adenocarcinoma) were used to evaluate the treatment efficacy.In K1735-M2 and CT-26 tumors, a single treatment with IA-NP-(90)Y (14.2 microg/g IA, 5 or 6 microCi/g (90)Y) caused a significant tumor growth delay compared to untreated control tumors, as well as tumors treated with IA, IA-NP, and NP-(90)Y, respectively (p < 0.025, Wilcoxon test). In K1735-M2 tumors, a single treatment with anti-Flk-1 MAb-NP-(90)Y (0.36 microg/g anti-Flk-1 MAb, 5 microCi/g (90)Y) also caused a significant tumor growth delay (p < 0.05, Wilcoxon test) compared to untreated tumors, as well as tumors treated with anti-Flk-1 MAb, anti-Flk-1 MAb-NP, and conventional radioimmunotherapy with (90)Y-labeled anti-Flk mAb. Anti-CD31 staining showed a marked decrease in vessel density in tumors treated with anti-Flk-1 MAb-NP-(90)Y, which was associated with a high level of apoptotic death in these tumors, as shown by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling staining.The present studies provide proof of principle that targeted radiotherapy works using different targeting agents on a nanoparticle, to target both the integrin alpha(v)beta(3) and the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor. These encouraging results demonstrate the potential therapeutic efficacy of the IA-NP-(90)Y and anti-Flk-1 MAb-NP-(90)Y complexes as novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of a variety of tumor types.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ijrob.2003.10.057

    View details for Web of Science ID 000220084200027

    View details for PubMedID 15001266

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