Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Matthew Bogyo

Publication Details

  • The role of cathepsin X in the migration and invasiveness of T lymphocytes JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE Jevnikar, Z., Obermajer, N., Bogyo, M., Kos, J. 2008; 121 (16): 2652-2661

    Abstract:

    Cathepsin X is a lysosomal cysteine protease exhibiting carboxypeptidase activity. Its expression is high in the cells of immune system and its function has been related to the processes of inflammatory and immune responses. It regulates processes such as adhesion, T lymphocyte activation and phagocytosis through its interaction with beta2 integrins. To investigate the role of cathepsin X in the migration of T lymphocytes, Jurkat T lymphocytes were stably transfected with a pcDNA3 expression vector containing cathepsin X cDNA. The cathepsin-X-overexpressing T lymphocytes exhibited polarised migration-associated morphology, enhanced migration on 2D and 3D models using intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1)- and Matrigel-coated surfaces, and increased homotypic aggregation. The increased invasiveness of cathepsin-X-overexpressing cells does not involve proteolytic degradation of extracellular matrix. Confocal microscopy showed that the active mature form of cathepsin X was colocalised in migrating cells together with lymphocyte-function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1). The colocalisation was particularly evident at the trailing edge protrusion, the uropod, that has an important role in T lymphocyte migration and cell-cell interactions. We propose that cathepsin X causes cytoskeletal rearrangements and stimulates migration of T lymphocytes by modulating the activity of the beta2 integrin receptor LFA-1.

    View details for DOI 10.1242/jcs.023721

    View details for Web of Science ID 000258243900006

    View details for PubMedID 18664495

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