Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Sarah S. Donaldson, MD

Publication Details

  • Risk of Salivary Gland Cancer After Childhood Cancer: A Report From the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS Boukheris, H., Stovall, M., Gilbert, E. S., Stratton, K. L., Smith, S. A., Weathers, R., Hammond, S., Mertens, A. C., Donaldson, S. S., Armstrong, G. T., Robison, L. L., Neglia, J. P., Inskip, P. D. 2013; 85 (3): 776-783


    To evaluate effects of radiation therapy, chemotherapy, cigarette smoking, and alcohol consumption on the risk of second primary salivary gland cancer (SGC) in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS).Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) and excess absolute risks (EAR) of SGC in the CCSS were calculated using incidence rates from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results population-based cancer registries. Radiation dose to the salivary glands was estimated based on medical records. Poisson regression was used to assess risks with respect to radiation dose, chemotherapy, smoking, and alcohol consumption.During the time period of the study, 23 cases of SGC were diagnosed among 14,135 childhood cancer survivors. The mean age at diagnosis of the first primary cancer was 8.3 years, and the mean age at SGC diagnosis was 24.8 years. The incidence of SGC was 39-fold higher in the cohort than in the general population (SIR = 39.4; 95% CI = 25.4-57.8). The EAR was 9.8 per 100,000 person-years. Risk increased linearly with radiation dose (excess relative risk = 0.36/Gy; 95% CI = 0.06-2.5) and remained elevated after 20 years. There was no significant trend of increasing risk with increasing dose of chemotherapeutic agents, pack-years of cigarette smoking, or alcohol intake.Although the cumulative incidence of SGC was low, childhood cancer survivors treated with radiation experienced significantly increased risk for at least 2 decades after exposure, and risk was positively associated with radiation dose. Results underscore the importance of long-term follow up of childhood cancer survivors for the development of new malignancies.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2012.06.006

    View details for Web of Science ID 000314687000044

    View details for PubMedID 22836059

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