Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Marcia L. Stefanick, Ph.D.

Publication Details

  • Change in physical activity after a diabetes diagnosis: opportunity for intervention. Medicine and science in sports and exercise Schneider, K. L., Andrews, C., Hovey, K. M., Seguin, R. A., Manini, T., LaMonte, M. J., Margolis, K. L., Waring, M. E., Ning, Y., Sims, S., Ma, Y., Ockene, J., Stefanick, M. L., Pagoto, S. L. 2014; 46 (1): 84-91

    Abstract:

    Moderate intensity physical activity is recommended for individuals with diabetes to control glucose and prevent diabetes-related complications. The extent to which a diabetes diagnosis motivates patients to increase physical activity is unclear. This study used data from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (baseline data collected from 1993-1998) to examine change in physical activity and sedentary behavior in women who reported a diabetes diagnosis compared to women who did not report diabetes over 7 years of follow-up (up to 2005).Participants (n=84,300) were post-menopausal women who did not report diabetes at baseline [mean age=63.49; standard deviation (SD)=7.34; mean BMI=26.98 kg/m; SD=5.67]. Linear mixed model analyses were conducted adjusting for study year, age, race/ethnicity, BMI, education, family history of diabetes, physical functioning, pain, energy/fatigue, social functioning, depression, number of chronic diseases and vigorous exercise at age 18. Analyses were completed in August 2012.Participants who reported a diabetes diagnosis during follow-up were more likely to report increasing their total physical activity (p=0.002), walking (p<0.001) and number of physical activity episodes (p<0.001) compared to participants who did not report a diabetes diagnosis. On average, participants reporting a diabetes diagnosis reported increasing their total physical activity by 0.49 MET-hours/week, their walking by 0.033 MET-hours/week and their number of physical activity episodes by 0.19 MET-hours/week. No differences in reported sedentary behavior change were observed (p=0.48).A diabetes diagnosis may prompt patients to increase physical activity. Healthcare professionals should consider how best to capitalize on this opportunity to encourage increased physical activity and maintenance.

    View details for DOI 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182a33010

    View details for PubMedID 23860414

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