Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Matthew Bogyo

Publication Details

  • Sequential autolytic processing activates the zymogen of Arg-gingipain JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY Mikolajczyk, J., Boatright, K. M., Stennicke, H. R., Nazif, T., Potempa, J., Bogyo, M., Salvesen, G. S. 2003; 278 (12): 10458-10464

    Abstract:

    Most proteases are synthesized as inactive precursors to protect the synthetic machinery of the cell and allow timing of activation. The mechanisms used to render latency are varied but tend to be conserved within protease families. Proteases belonging to the caspase family have a unique mechanism mediated by transitions of two surface loops, and on the basis of conservation of mechanism one would expect this to be preserved by caspase relatives. We have been able to express the full-length precursor of the Arg-specific caspase relative from the bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis, Arg-gingipain-B, and we show that it contains N- and C-terminal extensions that render a low amount of latency, meaning that the zymogen is substantially active. Three sequential autolytic processing steps at the N and C terminus are required for full activity, and the N-propeptide may serve as an intramolecular chaperone rather than an inhibitory peptide. Each step in activation requires the previous step, and an affinity probe reveals that incremental activity enhancements are achieved in a stepwise manner.

    View details for DOI 10.1074/jbc.M210564200

    View details for Web of Science ID 000181777500063

    View details for PubMedID 12533545

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