Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Dean W. Felsher

Publication Details

  • Genomically complex lymphomas undergo sustained tumor regression upon MYC inactivation unless they acquire novel chromosomal translocations BLOOD Karlsson, A., Giuriato, S., Tang, F., Fung-Weier, J., Levan, G., Felsher, D. W. 2003; 101 (7): 2797-2803

    Abstract:

    The targeted inactivation of oncogenes may be a specific and effective treatment for cancer. However, because human cancers are the consequence of multiple genetic changes, the inactivation of one oncogene may not be sufficient to cause sustained tumor regression. Moreover, cancers are genomically unstable and may readily compensate for the inactivation of a single oncogene. Here we confirm by spectral karyotypic analysis that MYC-induced hematopoietic tumors are highly genetically complex and genomically unstable. Nevertheless, the inactivation of MYC alone was found to be sufficient to induce sustained tumor regression. After prolonged MYC inactivation, some tumors exhibited a distinct propensity to relapse. When tumors relapsed, they no longer required the overexpression of MYC but instead acquired novel chromosomal translocations. We conclude that even highly genetically complex cancers are reversible on the inactivation of MYC, unless they acquire novel genetic alterations that can sustain a neoplastic phenotype.

    View details for DOI 10.1182/blood-2002-10-3091

    View details for Web of Science ID 000181823600058

    View details for PubMedID 12517816

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