Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Caroline Buckway

Publication Details

  • Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 generation as a measure of GH sensitivity JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM Buckway, C. K., Selva, K. A., Pratt, K. L., Tjoeng, E., Guevara-Aguirre, J., Rosenfeld, R. G. 2002; 87 (10): 4754-4765

    Abstract:

    A total of 198 subjects were randomized to either high-dose (0.05 mg/kg.d) or low-dose (0.025 mg/kg.d) GH for 7 d; the alternate dose was then received after a 2-wk washout period. Groups included in the study were: normal, GH-insensitive (GHI; homozygous for the E180 splice mutation); heterozygous GHI (carriers of the E180 splice mutation); GH-deficient; and idiopathic short stature. Serum IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) concentrations (collected on d 1, 5, and 8 of treatment weeks) were GH-dependent, with significant elevation by d 5 of treatment, regardless of dose, in all normal subjects. GHI subjects had low baseline IGFBP-3 and poor or no response to either low- or high-dose GH. Heterozygous subjects, however, did not differ from age-matched normals with regard to IGFBP-3 generation. All GH-deficient subjects had subnormal baseline concentrations of IGFBP-3; most, but not all, were able to generate levels into normal ranges by 8 d of therapy. Children with idiopathic short stature showed a better response in IGFBP-3 generation compared with that previously observed with IGF-I, reaching concentrations in normal range with either dose of GH, suggesting that any GHI in this group is relatively limited to IGF-I production. For the diagnosis of GHI, the highest sensitivity (100%) and specificity (92%) was found on d 8 of the high-dose GH-IGFBP-3 generation test. Failure to raise both IGF-I and IGFBP-3 lowered sensitivity to 82-86% with low-dose GH, and 86-91% with high-dose GH.

    View details for DOI 10.1210/jc.2002-020045

    View details for Web of Science ID 000178649800057

    View details for PubMedID 12364470

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