Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Frederick M. Dirbas

Publication Details

  • Clinical management of breast pain: A review OBSTETRICAL & GYNECOLOGICAL SURVEY Millet, A. V., Dirbas, F. M. 2002; 57 (7): 451-461


    Breast pain (mastalgia) is a common cause of anxiety among women and frequently leads to a primary care clinic for consultation. Fortunately, mild premenstrual breast discomfort lasting for 1 to 4 days can be considered "normal." However, moderate-to-severe breast pain lasting over 5 days can interfere with usual activities, lead to unnecessary medical tests, and potentially invite the use of ineffective, occasionally harmful medications. Despite the severity of some patients' symptoms, mastalgia is still considered a trivial complaint by many physicians; often it is felt to be psychological in nature. Careful evaluation to rule out breast cancer and reassure the patient is enough to make the pain resolve in most cases. In a few patients, however, mastalgia is severe enough to deserve further evaluation and treatment. Overall, 92% of patients with cyclical mastalgia (CM) and 64% with noncyclical mastalgia (NCM) can obtain relief of their pain with the judicious use of several available therapies.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000176771600002

    View details for PubMedID 12172222

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