Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
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Susan Knox

Publication Details

  • Influence of Bcl-2 overexpression on Na+/K+-ATPase pump activity: Correlation with radiation-induced programmed cell death JOURNAL OF CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY Gilbert, M., Knox, S. 1997; 171 (3): 299-304

    Abstract:

    Bcl-2 overexpression in transfected PW cells is associated with inhibition of radiation-induced programmed cell death (PCD). We have previously reported that there is a relationship between inhibition of radiation-induced PCD and membrane hyperpolarization in these cells. In this article, we report that Na+/ K(+)-ATPase pump activity, as measured by the uptake of Rubidium-86 (86Rb+), is significantly higher in Bcl-2 overexpressing PW cells than in control PW cells, and that pump activity following irradiation with doses > or = 500 cGy was reduced to a lesser extent in the Bcl-2 transfectants than in the control cells. When PW-Bcl-2 cells were incubated with a dose of ouabain (1 microM) that decreased pump activity significantly, but did not induce PCD, the previously reported protection from radiation-induced PCD associated with overexpression of Bcl-2 no longer existed. In order to demonstrate that reactive oxygen species (ROS) affected Na+/ K(+)-ATPase pump activity, cells were incubated with N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) prior to irradiation, or treated with the ROS generating drug buthionine sulphoxamine (BSO). 86Rb+ uptake was significantly higher in irradiated cells incubated with NAC compared to cells irradiated in the absence of NAC, while BSO resulted in lower levels of 86Rb+ uptake, suggesting that the effects of radiation on the Na+/K(+)-ATPase pump were due to ROS. Furthermore, the resting cell membrane potential of cells exposed to NAC were slightly hyperpolarized compared to control PW cells, whereas cells exposed to BSO were depolarized in comparison to control PW cells. In summary, this data suggests that Bcl-2 affects Na+/K(+)-ATPase pump activity, which is associated with the resting membrane potential and the level of susceptibility to radiation-induced PCD.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1997XL16600008

    View details for PubMedID 9180899

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