Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Frank E. Stockdale

Publication Details

  • Isolation and characterization of an avian slow myosin heavy chain gene expressed during embryonic skeletal muscle fiber formation JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY Nikovits, W., Wang, G. F., Feldman, J. L., MILLER, J. B., Wade, R., Nelson, L., Stockdale, F. E. 1996; 271 (29): 17047-17056


    We have isolated and begun characterization of the quail slow myosin heavy chain (MyHC) 3 gene, the first reported avian slow MyHC gene. Expression of slow MyHC 3 in skeletal muscle is restricted to the embryonic period of development, when the fiber pattern of future fast and slow muscle is established. In embryonic hindlimb development, slow MyHC 3 gene expression coincides with slow muscle fiber formation as distinguished by slow MyHC-specific antibody staining. In addition to expression in embryonic appendicular muscle, slow MyHC 3 is expressed continuously in the atria. Transfection of slow MyHC 3 promoter-reporter constructs into embryonic myoblasts that form slow MyHC-expressing fibers identified two regions regulating expression of this gene in skeletal muscle. The proximal promoter, containing potential muscle-specific regulatory motifs, permits expression of a reporter gene in embryonic slow muscle fibers, while a distal element, located greater than 2600 base pairs upstream, further enhances expression 3-fold. The slow muscle fiber-restricted expression of slow MyHC 3 during embryonic development, and expression of slow MyHC 3 promoter-reporter constructs in embryonic muscle fibers in vitro, makes this gene a useful marker to study the mechanism establishing the slow fiber lineage in the embryo.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1996UX94300013

    View details for PubMedID 8663323

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