Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Philip W. Lavori

Publication Details

  • FAMILY ENVIRONMENT AND GLYCEMIC CONTROL - A 4-YEAR PROSPECTIVE-STUDY OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES-MELLITUS PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE Jacobson, A. M., Hauser, S. T., Lavori, P., Willett, J. B., COLE, C. F., Wolfsdorf, J. I., DUMONT, R. H., Wertlieb, D. 1994; 56 (5): 401-409

    Abstract:

    An onset cohort of children and adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and their parents were studied. Aspects of family environment were evaluated at study inception, and their influence on the initial level of, and change in, glycemic control over 4 years was examined. Family measures of expressiveness, cohesiveness, and conflict were linked to differences in the longitudinal pattern of glycemic control. In particular, the encouragement to act openly and express feelings directly (expressiveness) seemed to ameliorate deterioration of glycemic control over time in both boys and girls. Boys were especially sensitive to variations in family cohesiveness and conflict; those from more cohesive and less conflicted families showed less deterioration in glycemic control. This study demonstrated the important influence of family psychosocial factors present at diabetes onset on glycemic control in children and adolescents over the first 4 years of IDDM.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994PK28500004

    View details for PubMedID 7809339

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