Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Michael Link

Publication Details

  • HYPNOSIS IN THE PREVENTION OF CHEMOTHERAPY-RELATED NAUSEA AND VOMITING IN CHILDREN - A PROSPECTIVE-STUDY JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL PEDIATRICS JACKNOW, D. S., Tschann, J. M., Link, M. P., Boyce, W. T. 1994; 15 (4): 258-264

    Abstract:

    To study the effectiveness of hypnosis for decreasing antiemetic medication usage and treatment of chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting in children with cancer, we conducted a prospective, randomized, and controlled single-blind trial in 20 patients receiving chemotherapy for treatment of cancer. Patients were randomized to either hypnosis or standard treatment. The hypnosis group used hypnosis as primary treatment for nausea and vomiting, using antiemetic medication on a supplemental (p.r.n.) basis only, whereas the control group received a standardized antiemetic medication regimen. Nausea, vomiting, and p.r.n. antiemetic medication usage were measured during the first two courses of chemotherapy. Anticipatory nausea and vomiting were assessed at 1 to 2 and 4 to 6 months postdiagnosis. Patients in the hypnosis group used less p.r.n antiemetic medication than control subjects during both the first (p < .04) and second course of chemotherapy (p < .02). The two groups did not differ in severity of nausea and vomiting. The hypnosis group experienced less anticipatory nausea than the control group at 1 to 2 months postdiagnosis (p < .02). Results suggest self-hypnosis is effective for decreasing antiemetic medication usage and for reducing anticipatory nausea during chemotherapy.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994PC01100006

    View details for PubMedID 7798371

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