Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Michael Link

Publication Details

  • HODGKINS-DISEASE IN THE VERY YOUNG Cleary, S. F., Link, M. P., Donaldson, S. S. PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD. 1994: 77-83

    Abstract:

    A retrospective review of patients with Hodgkin's disease treated at Stanford University Medical Center was undertaken to determine if, within the pediatric population, children < or = 10 years of age have a unique prognosis and response to treatment.Records of all patients treated for Hodgkin's disease at SUMC between 1961 and 1991 were reviewed.Of 2238 patients with Hodgkin's disease, 91 (4%) were < or = 10 years of age. There is a predominance of male patients (80%) and a higher percentage of mixed cellularity (33%) and lymphocyte predominance (13%) histologies among the very young patients compared to adolescents and adults. The 5 and 10-year survival is 94 +/- 3% and 92 +/- 3%, respectively, for children < or = 10 vs. 93 +/- 2% and 86 +/- 3% for adolescents and 84 +/- 1% and 73 +/- 1% for adults. Five and 10-year freedom from relapse is also higher in the youngest children (88 +/- 4% and 85 +/- 4%, respectively) compared to adolescents (78 +/- 3% and 74 +/- 3%, respectively) and adults (70 +/- 1% and 67 +/- 1%, respectively). Actuarial survival at 25 years for children < or = 10 years is 78%, which is slightly better than for adolescents (67%) and significantly better than for adults (41%) (p = 0.001). Actuarial 25-year freedom from relapse is also significantly better for children < or = 10 (78%) compared to adolescents (74% [p = 0.05]) and adults (65% [p = 0.001]). For all stages of disease, children < or = 10 fare similarly to or slightly better than adolescents and substantially better than adults. For those with Stage I or II disease, survival at 5, 10, and 25 years is 98 +/- 2%, 93 +/- 4% and 73%, respectively, for children aged < or = 10; 98 +/- 1%, 91 +/- 3%, and 79%, respectively, for adolescents and 89 +/- 1%, 80 +/- 1%, and 45%, respectively, for adults. The greatest difference between age groups is seen for Stage III and IV patients. Those aged < or = 10 have an 89 +/- 5% 5 and 10-year survival, and 89% actuarial 25-year survival compared to 87 +/- 4%, 80 +/- 5%, and 28%, respectively, for adolescents and 77 +/- 2%, 64 +/- 2%, and 41%, respectively, for adults. Of patients < or = 10 years of age, 28 (31%) were treated with primary external beam radiotherapy, and 59 (65%) received combined modality therapy consisting of low-dose radiation and chemotherapy. With a median follow-up of 11 years, freedom from relapse is 64% and survival 75% for the radiotherapy group, compared to 97% (p = 0.000) and 93% (p = 0.21) for those treated with combined modality therapy.Results indicate that young age is a favorable prognostic factor in Hodgkin's disease. Combined modality therapy has led to improved freedom from relapse and survival rates for all stages of disease and is currently the treatment of choice for the majority of very young children.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1994MP35300010

    View details for PubMedID 7505777

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