Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Michael Link

Publication Details

  • PROGNOSTIC FACTORS IN CHILDHOOD ACUTE MYELOGENOUS LEUKEMIA JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY Grier, H. E., Gelber, R. D., Camitta, B. M., DELOREY, M. J., Link, M. P., Price, K. N., Leavitt, P. R., Weinstein, H. J. 1987; 5 (7): 1026-1032

    Abstract:

    The prognostic significance of initial clinical and laboratory parameters was evaluated in 125 children with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) treated on two consecutive protocols (VAPA and 80-035). Both protocols used an anthracycline with cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) for induction therapy followed by 12 to 14 months of intensive sequential postremission chemotherapy. Results are similar for the two treatment regimens. Seventy-two percent of patients achieved a complete remission, with 42% projected 5-year disease-free survival for the complete responders. Monocytic or myelomonocytic leukemic subtype (French-American-British [FAB] types M4 and M5), WBC count less than 100,000/microL, and age less than 2 years at diagnosis all predicted increased risk of relapse and decreased overall survival in univariate analyses. FAB subtype and high white count continued to predict for an increased risk of relapse in multivariate analyses and only M5 leukemic subtype independently predicted for poor survival. Patients with M4 or M5 leukemic subtype had a higher incidence of initial relapses in the CNS. The addition of intrathecal cytosine arabinoside in the second protocol, 80-035, decreased the percentage of patients with initial failure in the CNS, but did not improve overall survival. Improved CNS prophylaxis, better systemic therapy, and/or different treatment strategies are needed to improve therapy in these high-risk patients.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1987J134800008

    View details for PubMedID 3474356

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