Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

James Ferrell

Publication Details

  • The Cdk1-APC/C cell cycle oscillator circuit functions as a time-delayed, ultrasensitive switch NATURE CELL BIOLOGY Yang, Q., Ferrell, J. E. 2013; 15 (5): 519-?


    Despite the complexity and variety of biological oscillators, their core design invariably includes an essential negative feedback loop. In the Xenopus laevis embryonic cell cycle oscillator, this loop consists of the kinase cyclin B-Cdk1 and the ubiquitin ligase APC/C(Cdc20); active Cdk1 activates APC/C(Cdc20), which then brings about cyclin B degradation and inactivates Cdk1. Here we ask how this negative feedback loop functions quantitatively, with the aim of understanding what mechanisms keep the Cdk1-APC/C(Cdc20) system from settling into a stable steady state with intermediate levels of Cdk1 and APC/C(Cdc20) activity. We found that the system operates as a time-delayed, digital switch, with a time lag of ∼ 15 min between Cdk1 and APC/C(Cdc20) activation and a tremendously high degree of ultrasensitivity (nH≈17). Computational modelling shows how these attributes contribute to the generation of robust, clock-like oscillations. Principles uncovered here may also apply to other activator-repressor oscillators and help in designing robust synthetic clocks.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/ncb2737

    View details for Web of Science ID 000318265300011

    View details for PubMedID 23624406

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