Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Christopher Gardner

Publication Details

  • Incorporating Prototyping and Iteration Into Intervention Development: A Case Study of a Dining Hall-Based Intervention JOURNAL OF AMERICAN COLLEGE HEALTH McClain, A. D., Hekler, E. B., Gardner, C. D. 2013; 61 (2): 122-131


    Previous research from the fields of computer science and engineering highlight the importance of an iterative design process (IDP) to create more creative and effective solutions.This study describes IDP as a new method for developing health behavior interventions and evaluates the effectiveness of a dining hall-based intervention developed using IDP on college students' eating behavior and values. Participants: participants were 458 students (52.6% female, age = 19.6 ± 1.5 years [M ± SD]).The intervention was developed via an IDP parallel process. A cluster-randomized controlled study compared differences in eating behavior among students in 4 university dining halls (2 intervention, 2 control).The final intervention was a multicomponent, point-of-selection marketing campaign. Students in the intervention dining halls consumed significantly less junk food and high-fat meat and increased their perceived importance of eating a healthful diet relative to the control group.IDP may be valuable for the development of behavior change interventions.

    View details for DOI 10.1080/07448481.2012.755189

    View details for Web of Science ID 000315773900009

    View details for PubMedID 23409862

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