Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Yueh-hsiu Chien

Publication Details

  • Attributes of gamma delta intraepithelial lymphocytes as suggested by their transcriptional profile PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Fahrer, A. M., Konigshofer, Y., Kerr, E. M., Ghandour, G., Mack, D. H., DAVIS, M. M., Chien, Y. H. 2001; 98 (18): 10261-10266

    Abstract:

    gammadelta T lymphocytes in the intestinal intraepithelial layer (gammadelta IELs) are thought to contribute to immune competence, but their actual function remains poorly understood. Here we used DNA microarrays to study the gene expression profile of gammadelta IELs in a Yersinia infection system to better define their roles. To validate this approach, mesenteric lymph node CD8(+) alphabeta T cells were similarly analyzed. The transcription profiles show that, whereas lymph node CD8(+) alphabeta T cells must be activated to become cytotoxic effectors, gammadelta IELs are constitutively activated and appear to use different signaling cascades. Our data suggest that gammadelta IELs may respond efficiently to a broad range of pathological situations irrespective of their diverse T cell antigen receptor repertoire. gammadelta IELs may modulate local immune responses and participate in intestinal lipid metabolism, cholesterol homeostasis, and physiology. This study provides a strong basis for further investigations of the roles of these cells as well as mucosal immune defense in general.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000170738000045

    View details for PubMedID 11526237

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