Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

George A. Fisher Jr.

Publication Details

  • Systemic treatment in unresectable metastatic well-differentiated carcinoid tumors: consensus results from a modified delphi process. Pancreas Strosberg, J. R., Fisher, G. A., Benson, A. B., Malin, J. L., Cherepanov, D., Broder, M. S., Anthony, L. B., Arslan, B., Fisher, G. A., Gibbs, J. F., Greeno, E., Iyer, R. V., Kim, M. K., Maples, W., Philip, P. A., Strosberg, J., Wolin, E. M. 2013; 42 (3): 397-404


    This study aimed to develop expert consensus for the use of systemic treatments for unresectable metastatic well-differentiated (grade 1-2) carcinoid tumors using the RAND/UCLA modified Delphi process.After a comprehensive literature review, 404 patient scenarios addressing the use of systemic treatments for carcinoid tumors were constructed. A multidisciplinary panel of 10 physicians assessed the scenarios as appropriate, inappropriate, or uncertain (on a 1-9 scale) or as an area of disagreement before and after an extended discussion of the evidence.Experts were medical and surgical oncologists, interventional radiologists, and gastroenterologists. Among rated scenarios, disagreement decreased from 14% before the meeting to 4% after. Consensus statements about midgut carcinoids included the following: (1) Somatostatin analogs are appropriate as first-line therapy for all patients; (2) In patients with uncontrolled secretory symptoms, it is appropriate to increase the dose/frequency of octreotide long-acting repeatable up to 60 mg every 4 weeks or up to 40 mg every 3 weeks as second-line therapy for refractory carcinoid syndrome. Other options may also be appropriate. Consensus was similar for non-midgut carcinoids.The Delphi process provided a structured methodological approach to assist clinician experts in reaching consensus on the appropriateness of specific medical therapies for the treatment of advanced carcinoid tumors.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/MPA.0b013e31826d3a17

    View details for PubMedID 23211372

Stanford Medicine Resources:

Footer Links: