Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Samuel So

Publication Details

  • Low Levels of Knowledge and Preventive Practices Regarding Vertical Hepatitis B Transmission among Perinatal Nurses JOGNN-JOURNAL OF OBSTETRIC GYNECOLOGIC AND NEONATAL NURSING Chao, S. D., Cheung, C. M., Yang, E. J., So, S. K., Chang, E. T. 2012; 41 (4): 494-505

    Abstract:

    To evaluate current levels of hepatitis-B-related knowledge and clinical practice among perinatal nurses.Cross-sectional study.Santa Clara County, California, home to one of the largest U.S. populations at risk of perinatal hepatitis B transmission.Perinatal nurses (N = 518) from eight birthing hospitals.In 2008-2010, nurses completed a baseline survey evaluating existing hepatitis-B-related knowledge and preventive clinical practices, participated in an educational seminar, received instructional materials about hepatitis B, and completed a follow-up knowledge survey.Eighty percent of perinatal nurses had provided health care to a pregnant woman with chronic hepatitis B, but only 51% routinely provided patients with educational information about hepatitis B. While 75% routinely informed patients about effective methods to prevent mother-to-child transmission, only a small minority (17-34%) educated infected women about standard recommendations for protecting themselves and household members. One fourth or fewer nurses correctly answered most questions about hepatitis B prevalence, risks, and symptoms. After the educational seminar, knowledge increased statistically significantly.Existing knowledge about hepatitis B is limited, and nationally recommended preventive clinical practices are commonly overlooked by perinatal nurses. This lack of knowledge and preventive care represents a noteworthy gap and an opportunity for targeted training and education to improve perinatal hepatitis B prevention and medical management of infected mothers.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1552-6909.2012.01379.x

    View details for Web of Science ID 000306476300006

    View details for PubMedID 22697047

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