Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Philip W. Lavori

Publication Details

  • MATERNAL EXPRESSED EMOTION AND PARENTAL AFFECTIVE-DISORDER - RISK FOR CHILDHOOD DEPRESSIVE DISORDER, SUBSTANCE-ABUSE, OR CONDUCT DISORDER JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH Schwartz, C. E., Dorer, D. J., Beardslee, W. R., Lavori, P. W., Keller, M. B. 1990; 24 (3): 231-250

    Abstract:

    Expressed emotion (EE) refers to a set of emotional aspects of speech for which ratings have been derived. Seven independent studies have established that higher EE ratings in the relatives of patients with schizophrenia predict higher rates of relapse in these patients and two studies have established an association of higher EE in spouses with relapse of depression in their mate. There are no previous studies of parental EE as a predictor of childhood affective disorder or other disorders not in the schizophrenia spectrum. In this study we investigated the relationship between the level of maternal EE and the incidence of DSM-III affective disorder (major depression or mania or dysthymia), substance abuse, or conduct disorder in 273 children. We found that a higher degree of maternal expressed emotion was associated with a three-fold increase in a child's risk (odds multiplier) for having at least one of the following diagnoses: depressive disorder (major depression or dysthymia), substance abuse, or conduct disorder. This increased risk acts in addition to the increased risk of child diagnosis associated with parental affective illness. Research and clinical implications are discussed.

    View details for Web of Science ID A1990EC89600004

    View details for PubMedID 2266512

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