Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer

The prostate is a gland that secretes an alkaline fluid called seminal fluid that carries sperm outside the body through the urethra during ejaculation. The prostate gland is only about the size of a walnut and is located in front of the rectum and under the bladder. 

Prostate cancer occurs when cells grow abnormally in the prostate gland to form tumors. Prostate gland tumor growth can be fueled by the male sex hormone, testosterone.

Multiple Diagnostic Tools Required

Although your annual prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test and digital rectal examination (DRE) are vital in early detection of abnormally high PSA levels and unusual growths, respectively, several other tests need to be conducted to confirm that you have prostate cancer.

Stanford Cancer Center physicians are likely to do a biopsy and use other imaging technologies that   together with the PSA and DRE will help confirm the diagnosis, and determine the most appropriate treatment plan.

Stanford Expertise

The Stanford Urologic Oncology Program offers the most up to date and greatest number of options of therapies for your prostate cancer treatment plan. This program features oncologists, urologists, and radiation oncologists working jointly to provide superior continuity of care.

You may be scheduled for a single appointment with the Tumor Board, offered a number of innovative therapies not available elsewhere such as CyberKnife™ Stereotactic Radiosurgery (a means of delivering more precise or specifically targeted radiation therapy thus reducing dosage of radiation and sparing adjacent healthy tissue), or robotic prostatectomy.

Cryosurgery, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and other alternatives are additionally offered at the Stanford Cancer Center. If appropriate, your Stanford physician may also recommend  that you enter into the ongoing prostate cancer clinical trials.

Since learning about and coping with the many issues that prostate cancer presents to you and your loved ones is a vital component of your treatment, your Stanford doctor can refer you to a local Prostate Cancer Support Group. This is an excellent way to learn from guest physicians and volunteer survivors how to better understand and fight your prostate cancer.

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