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designated cancer center

Vulvar Cancer Facts

Nearly 90 percent of vulvar cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. Melanoma is the second most common type of vulvar cancer, usually found in the labia minora or clitoris. Other types of vulvar cancer include:


The following are the most common symptoms of vulvar cancer. However, you may experience symptoms differently from other women. Symptoms may include:

The symptoms of vulvar cancer may resemble other medical conditions or problems. As with any suspected medical condition, it is important that you consult your physician for assessment and diagnosis.

Risk factors

The following have been suggested as risk factors for vulvar cancer:


The cause of vulvar cancer is not known at this time, however, certain risk factors are suspected as contributors to the development of the disease. Suggestions for prevention include:


The diagnosis of vulvar cancer is confirmed only by a biopsy. A biopsy is a procedure in which tissue samples are removed from the body for examination under a microscope; to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.

Stanford Medicine Resources:

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