Cancer Institute A national cancer institute
designated cancer center

Vulvar Cancer Expertise

Vulvar cancer is a malignancy that can occur on any part of the external organs, but most often affects the labia majora or labia minora. According to the American Cancer Society, about 3,900 cases of cancer of the vulva were diagnosed in the U.S. in 2010. Cancer of the vulva is a rare disease, which accounts for only 0.6 percent of all cancers in women, and may form slowly over many years.

With rare cancers like vulvar cancer, it is important that you are treated by experienced gynecologic cancer specialists. Stanford's team of experts provides advanced care and treatment options focused on preserving your anatomy.

Our Gynecologic Cancer program is located in the new Stanford Women's Cancer Center, a warm and welcoming facility dedicated solely to the treatment of gynecologic and breast cancer.

Our gynecologic cancer specialists at Stanford offer advanced treatment approaches to vulvar cancer focused on preserving your anatomy while enhancing survival rates. These include:

  • Surgery, tailored to the characteristics of the lesion, that retains as much normal tissue and function as possible. Lymph nodes are removed by a separate incision to maximize the rate of primary union and minimize lymphocyst formation.
  • For advanced-stage patients, chemotherapy before surgery is given with concurrent radiation to shrink the tumor. This technique reduces the amount of tissue that needs to be removed during surgery and potentially improves outcomes.

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