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Prevention of Stomach Cancer

Know the Risk Factors

Knowing the risk factors for stomach cancer is a step in the right direction. Some risk factors, such as family history, are not within your control. But other risk factors, such as diet and smoking tobacco products, are things you can control.

Doctors think the steady decline of stomach cancer cases in the past several decades is due largely to changes in what we eat. For example, people now preserve food through refrigeration, rather than by salting, smoking, or pickling. Eating foods with plenty of fiber, vitamin A, and vitamin C may also lower your risk for stomach cancer.

Quitting smoking is probably the single best decision you can make for your health. It reduces your risk for many medical problems. It decreases the risk for many cancers, including cancers of the stomach, head and neck, larynx, esophagus, lung, bladder, kidney, and pancreas.

Reducing Your Risk

You can reduce your risk for stomach cancer by doing these things:

Aspirin and Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs

Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, can lower the risk for getting some kinds of stomach cancer. However, they can cause gastrointestinal bleeding. Many doctors view aspirin or NSAIDs as an added benefit in preventing cancer when taken for other conditions, such as arthritis. But they do not recommend taking them only to reduce your cancer risk.

Stanford Medicine Resources:

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